Negative and Positive: Two Concepts of Liberty

Negative and Positive: Two Concepts of Liberty

If you like the article’s title, I have to be honest with you: It is not my work. It is the essay’s title written by Isaiah Berlin, the first one who theorised about two kinds of liberty. According to what Berlin wrote, we could face two different varieties of freedom: negative and positive.

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Philosophy

Negative and Positive: Two Concepts of Liberty

If you like the article’s title, I have to be honest with you: It is not my work. It is the essay’s title written by Isaiah Berlin, the first one who theorised about two kinds of liberty. According to what Berlin wrote, we could face two different varieties of freedom: negative and positive.

Freedom or equality: Why we can’t have both

Even more often we hear slogans which extol freedom and equality, as old socialist purposes. Almost every European left-wing party has used these ideals in its political narrative, uniting the main images that the socialist world has wanted to show about itself, in the second-half of the 20th century. It is hilarious that the representatives of the totalitarian regime, which had wiped out half of Europe with its coercive power, destroying all sorts of individual freedoms, would talk about freedom.

Spreading The Ideas Of Liberty

The liberty movement has often struggled with trying to convince people to embrace freedom, liberty and individuality; to create a beautiful world where people are free to pursue personal happiness and embrace the personal responsibility that comes with it.

Do we need a government?

If we take a step back and look at the past two hundred years, there have been radical changes. Slavery has been abolished virtually everywhere, democracy is widespread, wars are less common, and world poverty has never been lower.

Economics

Free Banking Theory and History of the Monetary Sphere

Throughout the history of economic development, banking, and the monetary sphere as a whole, has been the subject of widespread unease to people and a seductive opportunity for Governments. Indeed, there is likely no other institution that has seen such a wide array of Government controls in some form or another; whether that be the formation of central banks, regulations, interventions or monopolisations; all for the purposes, we are told, of maintaining stability and ensuring any economic crises is averted or lessened.

This however is not the case. In fact governments’ seizing control over any aspect of money and banking, has seldom been for the purposes of stability or fiscal reasoning.

The Cure for Healthcare: Reforming Healthcare against NHS Propaganda

No subject could be more controversial to discuss in the UK more than reforming; or abolishing the NHS. The NHS has existed for over 70 years, and over that time the British people have insisted in telling themselves that, they have ‘the best healthcare system’, and that the NHS is ‘the envy of the world’.

The only problem is…none of this is even close to being true.

Politics

They want the end of detached houses

The government of Emmanuel Macron wants to put an end to the detached houses, according to Minister Delegate for Housing, Emmanuelle Wargon. France is not alone when it comes to those absurd ideas regarding housing and we should be concerned.

Is it wrong to use the Star of David to protest Discrimination?

The Yellow Star of David, which the National Socialists would make the Jews wear in order to stigmatise them, started to be used again, recently, with the wording ‘Not vaccinated’, by protestors against the mandatory Covid-19 vaccination and vaccine passport schemes. The mainstream media, outraged by this, labelled the action as radical and antisemitic. Is it really? Or is it just a way to make a political statement proportionate to the current government policies? I will answer this question through an analysis of facts.

Science & Technology

Get a Clear Picture of Science News

Pop-science is currently no topic to overlook on social media. Websites or social media groups sharing factoids or infographics amass millions of likes and receive a high number of content re-shares. In parallel, pop-science magazines also attract many readers and have a strong online presence.

What You Need to Know to Join the Alt-Tech Exodus

So, you’ve heard that big tech companies have transcended the niggling free market and reached the lofty heights of partisan politics — and act accordingly. Unlike prominent political figures you might not make the top of the purge list, but it’s no secret that censorship is surging. Both to protect your freedom, and to stop providing resources to those who would undermine it, it makes sense to jump ship. Now, when everybody else is also doing it. But how?

History

Britain’s Free Radio Revolution

In the beginning of the 1960s, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) had the monopoly of radio in the United Kingdom. In fact, apart from one commercial TV network, the airwaves were owned by the BBC. As it happens with any monopoly, because of the lack of competition, the broadcaster was not particularly interested in providing better quality services, and ones that would fit the demand of the British. Because of that, some people started their own radio stations broadcasting their programmes from boats located outside the British territorial waters. These were known as free (or pirate) radios.

The Window Tax: Daylight Robbery

The Window Tax was a property tax based on the number of windows in a house, first introduced in Britain in 1696 and later on, in France. It resulted in a new form of tax avoidance, as people started to brick up their windows in order to avoid paying the tax. Those old houses with windows having been bricked up or plastered can still be seen in England and France today.

Reblochon: the French Cheese born from Tax Evasion

Reblochon is a soft French cheese made in the Alpine region of Savoie from raw cow’s milk. It is, without a doubt, one of the most famous French cheeses. It is commonly used for cooking in France and is a key ingredient to several dishes such as the popular Tartiflette; a Savoyard gratin made from potatoes, bacon and onions. However, few people know the story behind the origin of this cheese. In fact, Reblochon was born as a result of an early form of tax evasion in the Middle Ages.

The anarchist Republic of Cospaia

People often think that the lack of a government and the lack of laws would create some kind of Mad Max Society, where people would savagely kill each other. Hollywood certainly helped to shape our thinking about how the abstention of some authority would lead us to total chaos, after all, they have been making a lot of movies with themes such as the wild west since the beginning of the twentieth century. I am sorry to disappoint you, but the wild west was not that wild. Perhaps in another article I will talk about the Wild West not being Wild. In this article I will talk about something older and in the old continent.

Français

La fin des maisons individuelles

La fin des maisons individuelles

Le gouvernement d’Emmanuel Macron veut mettre fin aux maisons individuelles, selon la ministre chargée du Logement, Emmanuelle Wargon. La France n’est pas seule face à ces idées absurdes en matière de logement et nous devrions nous inquiéter.

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La fin des maisons individuelles

Dans son discours de clôture de l’événement « Habiter la ville de demain », Emmanuelle Wargon déclara :Et « en même temps », comme dirait le président Macron, ce modèle du pavillon avec...

Português

As Músicas Pró-Liberdade de Van Morrison

As Músicas Pró-Liberdade de Van Morrison

Van Morrison é um conhecido cantor, compositor e multi-instrumentista da Irlanda do Norte que se apresenta há sete décadas em uma variedade de gêneros musicais, como rock, R&B e blues. Em 2020, ele começou a usar sua música para defender a liberdade contra as restrições relacionadas à pandemia, que o governo do Reino Unido tem imposto. Essas restrições também têm prejudicado a indústria da música, já que os shows ao vivo foram cancelados ou feitos com distanciamento social.

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Español

La Revolución de las Radios Libres en Gran-Bretaña

La Revolución de las Radios Libres en Gran-Bretaña

A principios de la década de 1960, la British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) tenía el monopolio de la radio en el Reino Unido. De hecho, aparte de una red de televisión comercial, las ondas de radio eran propiedad de la BBC. Como sucede con cualquier monopolio, debido a la falta de competencia, la emisora no estaba particularmente interesada en brindar servicios de mejor calidad, y que se ajustaran a la demanda de los británicos. Por eso, algunas personas comenzaron sus propias estaciones de radio transmitiendo sus programas desde barcos ubicados fuera de las aguas territoriales británicas. Estos se conocían como radios libres (o piratas).

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